Aging Well, a SymptomFind series with tips to help yous protect your health and well-beingness as you go older. This get-go edition focuses on eye health — and throughout the series, we’ll bring yous trusted tips to help you stay strong, healthy and contained for years to come up.
Many centre diseases are more common in older adults. Just vision loss
have to be a normal office of crumbling. In fact, you lot can make simple changes to your daily routine to lower your risk for eye diseases that cause vision loss.
In this guide, nosotros’re offering evidence-based tips to aid yous protect your vision as you get older. Learn how changes you make today can protect your sight for a lifetime.
Yeah, everyone’s vision changes slightly every bit they get older. After age 45, the lens of your middle doesn’t focus as well — and that makes it harder to encounter things up shut. That’s why many older adults use glasses to read.
If you’re having trouble reading or seeing things up close, meet your center doctor for an exam. Your eye doctor may recommend prescription reading glasses or contacts, or you may be able to utilise over-the-counter reading spectacles.
While this modest vision change is a normal and expected part of aging, more serious vision changes and vision loss are non normal. Come across your doctor right away if you notice changes in your vision.
Am I at Risk for Centre Diseases?
Older adults are at college adventure for several eye diseases, including cataracts, glaucoma and age-related macular degeneration.
are cloudy areas in the lens of your center. More than half of Americans over historic period fourscore have had cataracts. The practiced news is, a simple surgery can fix cataracts.
is a group of eye diseases that damages the nerve that connects your middle to your encephalon. Early on handling tin can end the damage and protect your sight.
Historic period-related macular degeneration (AMD)
is an eye disease that makes your central vision blurry. People ages 55 and older are at college risk for AMD, but at that place may be treatments that tin aid.
Diabetic eye disease is another main cause of vision loss in older adults. If you accept diabetes, you’re at risk for diabetic centre illness — and your risk gets higher as you lot get older.
Your risk for heart diseases may too be higher depending on your race, gender, family unit history of eye diseases and whatsoever other health weather condition y’all have. Talk with your doctor about your personal hazard for heart disease.
And call up, while your take chances for these eye problems goes upwards equally you age, yous can still take steps to protect your centre health. So don’t give up on your eyes!
How Can I Protect My Sight?
Taking care of your eye health tin can exist as simple every bit eating your veggies and remembering your sunglasses when you leave the firm. Follow these half-dozen tips to protect your vision.
1. Become Regular Eye Exams
Eye diseases that cause vision loss often have no early symptoms. So the only fashion to detect them early is to become regular eye exams. Your eye doctor tin exam your vision and detect eye problems early, when they’re easier to care for.
The National Eye Institute says that anybody over age lx needs an eye examination every i to 2 years. But depending on your risk for eye diseases, you may need to start getting eye exams before or get them more often. For example, people with diabetes may need to go eye exams at least in one case a yr. Ask your dr. how oftentimes you need an heart exam.
two. Eat Right for Your Sight
Healthy eating is key to your overall health. It can assist prevent conditions like diabetes that can damage your eyes. And certain foods accept nutrients that can help protect your vision, including:
- Leafy green veggies, similar spinach and collards
- Dark orangish veggies, like sugariness potatoes and carrots
- Fish that provide Omega-iii fatty acids, like salmon and tuna
So consume enough of colorful veggies and fatty fish equally part of a healthy, balanced diet.
3. Stay Active to Keep Seeing Your All-time
Regular physical activity is another primal way to stay good for you equally you lot get older. And it lowers your risk for health conditions that can touch your vision, like high blood pressure level and high cholesterol.
Try to get about 2 and half hours of moderate-intensity aerobic activity each week. That’s anything that raises your heart rate and makes yous breathe faster, like walking, biking or swimming. You could practise thirty minutes on five days a calendar week, or whatever schedule works for you. And at least two days a week, do an activity that strengthens your muscles, like yoga, lifting weights or fifty-fifty carrying groceries.
If y’all’re just getting started, do as much as you can and work your way up to more than! Fifty-fifty five minutes of walking a twenty-four hour period tin can make a departure.
iv. Manage Your Other Health Conditions
Health conditions like diabetes and high blood pressure put y’all at higher risk for eye problems. So getting these conditions under command is key to protecting your sight.
For example, if you accept diabetes, controlling your claret carbohydrate can lower your risk for diabetic center affliction. Talk with your doctor near the best fashion to manage your health atmospheric condition.
5. Always Wear Your Sunglasses
Ultraviolet (UV) light from the sun tin can damage your eyes and raise your risk for cataracts. Then information technology’s of import to wear sunglasses that block UV light. Effort to wear your sunglasses whenever you go out in the daytime — even if it’southward cloudy outside.
6. If You Fume, Quit
Smoking isn’t just bad for your lungs and your overall health. It also raises your take chances for AMD and cataracts. If you fume, make a programme to quit.
Become Help Living with Vision Loss
If y’all already have vision loss, there are lots of services and devices that can help you make the most of the sight y’all still have. These are sometimes called “low vision” or “vision rehab” services.
A specialist can help yous learn to do everyday tasks more easily. For example, you may need a magnifying device to help y’all read, or you may demand to rearrange your article of furniture to assistance you motion around your home better. Ask your doctor about services and devices that can assistance you alive better with depression vision.
- “Healthy Aging Includes Healthy Vision” via Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
- “Aging and Your Eyes” via National Constitute on Crumbling
- “8 Things Y’all Tin can Do Right Now to Protect Your Vision” via National Eye Plant
- “36 Fabled Foods to Help Protect Your Vision” via American Academy of Ophthalmology
- “The Low Downwardly on Eye Exercises” via Harvard Medical Schoolhouse
- “How Much Concrete Action Practice Older Adults Need?” via CDC