Show Me A Picture Of Bowser

by -272 views

Video game graphic symbol from the Mario franchise

Fictional grapheme


3D grapheme artwork

First appearance
  • Super Mario Bros.
  • September thirteen, 1985
Created by Shigeru Miyamoto
Designed by Shigeru Miyamoto
Yōichi Kotabe
Portrayed past Christopher Collins/Patrick Pinney (Rex Koopa’s Kool Kartoons)
Christopher Hewett (Mario Water ice Capades)
Dennis Hopper (Super Mario Bros.)
Voiced by


  • Harvey Atkin (The Super Mario Bros. Super Show!,
    The Adventures of Super Mario Bros. 3
    Super Mario World)
  • Rob Wallace (Mario Is Missing!)[1]
  • Marc Graue (Hotel Mario)[2]
  • Bruce Robertson (Mario’southward Time Machine Deluxe)[three]
  • Charles Martinet (1996, 2004, vocal effects)[4]
  • Scott Burns (2002–2010)
  • Eric Newsome (2007)
  • Kenny James (2005, 2007–present)
  • Jack Black (2023 flick)


  • Naoki Tatsuta (BS Super Mario Drove)
  • Akiko Wada (Super Mario Bros.: The Not bad Mission to Rescue Princess Peach!)
  • Masaharu Satō (Amada Anime Series: Super Mario Bros.)
  • Takeshi Watabe (Super Mario World: Mario & Yoshi’due south Adventure Land)[five]
  • Takanobu Hozumi (Japanese DVD dub of
    Super Mario Bros.
  • Hiroshi Arikawa (Japanese Nippon Tv dub of
    Super Mario Bros.
In-universe information
Alias King Koopa
Species Koopa
Title King of the Koopas[6]
Children Bowser Jr.



, “Koopa”)
King Koopa, is a fictional character, the primary antagonist in Nintendo’s
franchise, and the arch-nemesis of Mario. In Nippon, the graphic symbol bears the title of Daimaō
, “Great Demon King”)
Bowser is the leader of the turtle-like Koopa race. Despite the fact that Bowser has teamed up with Mario in a few games, his ultimate goals are to kidnap Princess Peach and to defeat Mario and Luigi to conquer the Mushroom Kingdom. Bowser’s defining traits are his monstrous appearance with dragon-like elements, total-throated roar, burn-breathing abilities, barbarous personality, bestial reptilian phonation, never-catastrophe conflict with Mario, and unrequited crush for Peach.

Bowser initially appears as Mario’s opponent in the 1985 video game
Super Mario Bros.
He was originally envisioned as an ox based on the Ox-King from the Toei Animation picture
Alakazam the Keen, just Nintendo Designer Takashi Tezuka remarked out that the character looked a lot more like a turtle than an ox, and the 2 collaborated to define Bowser’southward advent, leading to the character condign the leader of the turtle-like Koopas.

Bowser’s electric current vocalisation histrion is Kenneth Westward. James. His previous voice actors include Scott Burns, who gave Bowser his beginning spoken dialogue in a video game; Eric Newsome, who voiced him once in
Mario & Sonic at the Olympic Games; and Charles Martinet, who provided vocal effects for Bowser in
Super Mario 64
and the Nintendo DS remake of the game.

Super Mario Bros., Bowser besides began to branch off to different genres. These include role-playing games such equally
Newspaper Mario
Mario & Luigi, and sports games such as
Mario Kart
Mario Tennis. He has appeared in other Nintendo properties, such as in the
Super Smash Bros.
series of crossover fighting games. Bowser has also appeared in various animations, including iii series produced past DIC Entertainment (all voiced by Harvey Atkin), and was portrayed by Dennis Hopper in the 1993
Super Mario Bros.
film. He will exist voiced past Jack Black in the upcoming 2023 film adaptation.

Bowser has received a by and large positive reception, with several critics noting that he is one of the most iconic and nigh recognizable video game villains ever.

Concept and creation


Earliest known concept artwork for Bowser

Bowser was created by Nintendo designer and producer Shigeru Miyamoto. Miyamoto had starting time envisioned Bowser every bit an ox, basing him on the Ox-King from the Toei Animation film
Alakazam the Great.[9]
However, Nintendo designer Takashi Tezuka pointed out that the character looked a lot more similar a turtle than an ox. Miyamoto and Tezuka then began to piece of work together to define Bowser’due south appearance. Since the grapheme was the leader of the turtle-like Koopa Troopas the two began to base his new appearance on them, creating a new illustration. In his final design, Miyamoto commented that he could make Bowser “look cool now”.[ten]

Miyamoto named him

大魔王 クッパ

Daimaō Kuppa.
came from the Japanese name for

gukbap, a Korean dish. Miyamoto had as well considered the names




Bibinba, besides Japanese names of Korean dishes (



For the later North American release of the game, which also introduced the anglicized spelling Koopa, the graphic symbol was named “Bowser”. The Korean proper noun for the graphic symbol Bowser/Kuppa is non
Gukbap, just


Kupa, which is essentially a phonetic round-trip translation.[12]
The proper noun was anglicized to Kuppa rather than Koopa in the Japanese versions upwards until the release of
Super Mario Globe.[xiii]

Bowser was once imagined equally an upright Koopa Troopa with spines on his back and fangs, according to the oldest known design.[15]
During the evolution of Super Mario Bros., Miyamoto contemplated commissioning the game’s art to a manga artist or illustrator. All the same, due to a lack of fourth dimension, he created the game’s original box art himself. Bowser is depicted in this artwork in a way that differs from subsequently renditions, with the near noticeable differences being his grayness-blue complexion and lack of horns. Miyamoto received inspiration for the graphic symbol’s appearance from an anime flick version of the Chinese novel
Journey to the W, which was renamed
Alakazam the Dandy
during the film’s Ameri menses.[sixteen]
Yōichi Kotabe based Bowser’s final blueprint on the Chinese softshell turtle, which he recognized to be a highly aggressive kind of turtle, reflecting Bowser’south terrifying temperament.[17]



Bowser is portrayed every bit the “King of the Koopas”, anthropomorphic turtles that inhabit the earth of the Mushroom Kingdom. Bowser differs greatly from the balance of the Koopa clan, which consists mainly of bipedal tortoises. He is characterized by a large, spiked turtle shell, horns, a draconic muzzle, razor-sharp fangs, taloned fingers, three clawed toes on each foot, red eyes and a stupor of red hair. He is physically endowed with immense force, is nearly indestructible, tin exhale fire, and can jump surprisingly high for his large size. He is accomplished in blackness magic, thanks to which he can teleport himself or summon objects, wing, generate a huge amount of electricity, utilise telekinesis, or metamorphose.[xviii]

Bowser’s physical size tends to vary from game to game. In most games, he towers over the majority of characters, only there are exceptions. In
Super Mario RPG, he stands only slightly taller than Mario. He is shown irresolute his size at will or through others’ sorcery in games including
Yoshi’s Island,
Super Mario Milky way
Super Mario Galaxy 2.[eighteen]

Bowser aspires to take over the Mushroom Kingdom and merge it with his own realm. He is infatuated with Princess Peach,[nineteen]
and routinely kidnaps her as part of his plans for domination.[22]
Sometimes, he kidnaps Peach only to lure Mario into a trap, but occasionally he hopes to ally her. The character’s office in the franchise varies.[22]
He is typically the main antagonist in the main series, but in the RPG series, he sometimes works with the heroes to defeat a greater evil. The RPGs as well portray Bowser in a more humorous light every bit a blustering, buffoonish bully with a hidden softer side. He as well cares for his minions.[18]

Bowser has a son, Bowser Jr., who helps his father kidnap Princess Peach. Bowser Jr.’s mother is unknown, as Bowser isn’t officially confirmed as having a previous marriage yet. Originally in
Super Mario Bros. 3, Bowser was stated to exist the father of the Koopalings[23]
with subsequent official sources calculation that he was their biological father,[24]
just since their return in
New Super Mario Bros. Wii
they have been referred to as
Bowser’s minions. In a 2012 interview, Shigeru Miyamoto stated, “Our current story is that the seven Koopalings are not Bowser’s children. Bowser’s only child is Bowser Jr., and we exercise not know who the female parent is.”[26]



Super Mario Bros.
featured Bowser’s showtime video game appearance every bit a villain in the final stage.
(left). Later on, Miyamoto and Tezuka began to collaborate on Bowser’south appearance. Because the character was the commander of the turtle-like Koopa Troopas, the two decided to create a new image based on him. Miyamoto said in his final design that he could make Bowser “look cool today”.[27]

Bowser makes his debut appearance in a video game in
Super Mario Bros.[28]
He then appeared through all
Super Mario
Paper Mario
series and including
Mario and Luigi



Bowser has appeared in virtually all of the
spin-off games, including in
Mario Kart
and every
Mario Party
game to date.[30]
Bowser has fabricated appearances in multiple
sports games, such every bit
Mario Tennis,[31]
Mario Golf,[32]
Super Mario Strikers,[33]
Mario & Sonic at the Olympic Games.[34]

He appeared in
Mario’s Time Machine,[35]
Hotel Mario,[36]
Mario Pinball Country.[37]
Bowser also appears as a playable character in the game
Itadaki Street
Bowser is also a Dark attribute graphic symbol who appears equally the main opponent in
Puzzle & Dragons: Super Mario Bros. Edition.[39]

Bowser also appears in
Super Mario RPG: Legend of the Vii Stars.[twoscore]
Mario + Rabbids Kingdom Battle, Bowser makes a cameo.[41]
He also reappears in the sequel
Mario + Rabbids Sparks of Promise.[42]

In other media


Outside of
Super Mario
serial, Bowser has appeared as a playable character in every installment of the
Super Smash Bros.
series since 2001’s Super Smash Bros. Melee.[43]
Bowser tin can be found in
Tetris Assault, a game inspired by the Japanese Panel de Pon. All of the original cast members are replaced, with the exception of Mr. Fourth dimension, with characters from the Mario and Yoshi series, with Bowser taking on the role of Corderia as the game’due south final dominate.[44]
Nether the name Hammer Slam Bowser, Bowser debuts as a playable grapheme in
Skylanders: SuperChargers. He appears alongside
Donkey Kong
and comes with a Skylanders: Skylanders unique figurine.[45]
Bowser likewise appears as a playable graphic symbol in
Dr. Mario World
under the name Dr. Bowser.[46]

Dennis Hopper portrays Male monarch Koopa in the 1993 live-action flick
Super Mario Bros.
In the film, Koopa is the usurper ruler of Dinohattan, a metropolis in a parallel universe in which humans evolved from dinosaurs. He captures Princess Daisy but is somewhen defeated by Mario and Luigi. This incarnation is nigh entirely human being in advent, with blonde hair he gels in the shape of a crown, and he frequently wears a blackness business adjust and necktie. Even so, afterward brief exposure to his own development-reversing device by the Mario Bros., he starts occasionally possessing some reptilian traits. The climax of the film sees Koopa devolve into an enormous light-green
Tyrannosaurus rex
to battle the Mario Bros., but he is farther devolved into primordial ooze.[48]

Bowser is 1 of the gaming villains attending a “Bad-Anon” support group in the 2012 animated motion picture
Wreck-It Ralph.[49]
The writers had early envisioned the Bad-anon meeting with Bowser as a major character within the scene; according to film managing director Rich Moore, Nintendo was very positive towards this use, stating in Moore’s own words, “If there is a group that is dedicated to helping the bad guy characters in video games so Bowser must be in that group!”[fifty]

Bowser will exist voiced by Jack Black in the upcoming 2023 film adaptation.[51]

He appeared in
Nintendo gamebooks.[52]
Bowser appears equally the main antagonist in Nintendo Power’s comic series
Super Mario Adventures.[53]
Bowser reappears in the Mario comics of Valiant Comics’
Nintendo Comics System
as the main antagonist of the Mushroom Kingdom.[54]

Reception and legacy


Due largely to the success of the
franchise, Bowser has become one of the most iconic and hands recognizable video game antagonists of all time. He often appears in lists for greatest video game antagonists.
placed him at #2 out of 100,[55]
placed him at #9 out of 47.[56]
listed him at #9 in their “Height 10 Video Game Villains” commodity, stating “Of all the villains to brand an appearance on this list, Bowser… has got to exist the near interesting,” later on calculation “While some people say Bowser’south life may accept gotten into a heat, the man has only refined his game downwardly to an everyday matter. He’southward focused, he’south dedicated, and worst of all, he’southward patient.”[57]
Bowser ranked in the first slot on
southward peak 10 Nintendo characters that deserve their ain games list, explaining if Yoshi and Wario become their ain games, Bowser should also due to his existence one of gaming’s most nefarious villains.[58]
due south top 10 Smash Bros. characters listing, he ranked sixth.[59]
also included him in their virtually persistent video game villains list.[threescore]
However, Bowser has been as well rated every bit the 4th-biggest douchebag in gaming history by
ScrewAttack, who said that he wants to “take Mario down”.[61]
editor Craig Harris described Bowser every bit beingness a household name.[62]
In 2011,
ranked him equally the 23rd-greatest video game character[63]
Guinness World Records Gamer’south Edition 2013
featured Bowser commencement in their list of pinnacle fifty Villains.[64]
named Bowser as 1 of the “oldest villains in gaming history, non to mention one of the most iconic.”[65]

Bowser’s part in
Super Mario Galaxy
has been met with significant praise.
editor Margaret Robertson commented that subsequently years of being a “one-act villain”,
put him back at his “scaly, scabrous best”.[66]
editor Chris Sell called him the best dominate in
Mario Milky way, stating that it wasn’t only considering of the battles with him being “superb, screen filling diplomacy”, but likewise because he is “back to being mean again”.[67]
Nintendo World Report
editor Aaron Kaluszka commented that battling Bowser has never been “this intense and engaging”.[68]
editor Cam Shea praised his concrete advent in
Super Mario Galaxy, describing him equally “imposing and weighty”.[69]
editor, Matt Casamassina, praised the visual quality of the characters, citing Bowser in particular and mentioning how his “funky scarlet fur waggles in the wind”.[70]
Game Positive
editor Travis Simmons concurred, commenting that his hair “gives him a touch of personality”.[71]

Bowser’s role in
Mario & Luigi: Bowser’s Within Story
has been met with highly positive reception as well. He has frequently been referenced every bit the master graphic symbol of the game due to his prominence in it.
editor Christian Donlan commented that information technology felt good to play as Bowser, and that “Later years of picking a path carefully around threats, jumping out of harm’s way, and tackling challengers mostly from above, it’southward a pleasure to put those cares bated and enjoy a few hours of spiky, tortoise-shelled power.”[72]
editor Jim Sterling described Bowser’south gameplay as “vivid comic relief”. He as well described the dialogue of the game as being “laugh out loud funny”, specifically praising Bowser’due south ego.[73]
editor Michael Cunningham praised the game for Bowser “stealing the evidence”, just as well decried it for not having quite enough of him.[74]
Nintendo World Written report
editor Pedro Hernandez commented that the plot and humour of the game make iconic characters “more enduring, including Bowser”.[75]
mag editor Matthew Castle commented that all
role-playing games brand good use of Bowser, merely that this is the first game where Bowser takes the center stage.[76]
Game Style
editor Drew Middlemas commented that Bowser stole the testify, being portrayed equally a “beast of pure, blustering ego who reminds us of why he’s one of gaming’south greatest baddies.”[77]
editor chosen him the “real star” of the game, calling him a “fantastic character” with “then much more than to requite than what we’ve seen from him so far, even in the other Mario RPGs”. He added that his “foul mood and lack of intelligence” as well every bit his interactions with other characters are well written.[78]
editor commented that he became a more sympathetic graphic symbol equally the game progresses, adding that his “massive ego pushes him towards heroism”.[79]
editor Chris Kohler chosen Bowser crawly, adding that his segments are funnier than Mario and Luigi’southward.[80]
Behemothic Bomb
editor Brad Shoemaker states that Bowser steals the evidence, commenting that playing as him gives players an inside glimpse of his ego and megalomania.[81]
editor Craig Harris described Bowser as the only “core Nintendo character over the past couple decades” to not have a starring role in a video game, and this game acts every bit his “big break”.[82]
editor Jeremy Parish stated that Bowser makes the game, describing him as more interesting than
Bowser’s Within Story
predecessor’southward partners, the baby forms of Mario and Luigi.[83]
editor Alicia Ashby chosen Bowser one of the most “lovable characters in the Nintendo universe”, and praising
Bowser’s Inside Story
for giving him “much deserved time in the spotlight”.[84]
editor Phil Theobald called him the breakout star of the game, stating that “the gruff, quick-to-anger pro/antagonist is a treat to spotter as he continuously becomes infuriated with the incompetence of his minions.”[85]
editor Henry Gilbert stated that he is “home to the most desperate alter to the formula” in this game, stating that while he is even so a “humorously incapable villain”, the game allows players to switch betwixt Bowser and the Mario Bros. at their discretion.”[86]

Fans wondered for years about what Mario said after he defeated Bowser, threw him, and shouted in the concluding battle of
Super Mario 3D All-Stars
until Charles Martinet, Mario’s voice actor, took to Twitter in Apr 2019 to assert Mario was proverb “so long kinga Bowser!” Nevertheless, from July 2020, a fan restoration has made Mario seem much more like he is saying “Gay Bowser”.[87]
Mario did not say “gay Bowser”, but rather “buh-bye!” according to Ian Walker of
Nintendo later confirmed that Mario said “buh-cheerio!” in a tweet.[89]

Bowser Standalone Prop, but with a penis for usage in Bowser movies, was created by 3D modeller “AkkoArcade”. After a copyright merits was made past a party claiming to represent Nintendo of America, Patreon fully removed it.[90]

In 2018, a brusque comic “The Super Crown’southward some spicy new Mario lore” on DeviantArt and Twitter transforms Bowser into a monstrously sinister female resembling Peach, which fans named Bowsette.[92]
The graphic symbol subsequently went viral,[93]
Ars Technica
writing that Bowsette’s popularity was partly due to her contrast with Princess Peach and Bowser.[94]
Autonomously from Mario Day, “Bowser 24-hour interval 2021” became a Twitter craze as fans commemorated the renowned Nintendo’southward iconic villain.[95]
When the alligator snapping turtle of the Amur River was discovered, information technology bore a resemblance to Bowser, making it become somewhat of an internet sensation.[96]



  1. ^

    “Mario Is Missing!”.
    Behind The Voice Actors
    . Retrieved
    February 21,

  2. ^

    “Hotel Mario”.
    Behind The Vox Actors
    . Retrieved
    Feb 21,

  3. ^

    “Mario’s Time Machine Deluxe”.
    Behind The Vox Actors
    . Retrieved
    February 21,

  4. ^

    “The secret origin of Bowser’southward phonation”.
    YouTube. Thomas Game Docs. May 19, 2020. Archived from the original on November 15, 2020.

  5. ^

    Archived at Ghostarchive and the Wayback Machine:
    “マリオとヨッシーの冒険ランド”. YouTube. Retrieved
    May 25,

  6. ^

    Super Mario Bros. Teaching Manual. Nintendo. p. 14.

  7. ^

    Masahiro Sakurai (July 3, 2007).
    [Koopa] (in Japanese). Nintendo. Retrieved
    Oct 18,

  8. ^

    [Character introduction] (in Japanese). Nintendo. Retrieved
    October 18,

  9. ^

    David Oxford. “Iwata Asks:The Birth of Bowser”. Ds.Kombo. Archived from the original on September 17, 2010. Retrieved
    August 23,

  10. ^

    “Iwata Asks Volume 8- Flipnote Studios-An Animation Course iv.My First Project: Depict a Carpet”. Archived from the original on May 25, 2012.

  11. ^

    Yasuhiro, Nagata (2000). “独占スクープ!宮本茂最新雑談 [Sectional Scoop! Miyamoto Shigeru Latest Chat]”. Famitsu. Retrieved
    November 4,

  12. ^

    “Characters in Mario Kart DS at Nintendo of Korea’due south website”. Nintendo. Archived from the original on July 22, 2011. Retrieved
    August 10,

  13. ^

    Nintendo Entertainment Assay and Development (October 23, 1988).
    Super Mario Bros. 3
    (Famicom) (in Japanese). Nintendo. Scene: ending.

  14. ^

    Nintendo Entertainment Analysis and Development (November 21, 1990).
    Super Mario World
    (in Japanese). Nintendo. Scene: ending.

  15. ^

    “Supper Mario Broth”.
    Supper Mario Broth.

  16. ^

    “Iwata Asks”.

  17. ^

    “Les confidences du dessinateur historique des personnages Nintendo”.
    Le December 6, 2018 – via Le Monde.

  18. ^




    “Super Mario: 25 Weird Things Well-nigh Bowser’s Anatomy Fans Forget”.
    TheGamer. Nov ten, 2018.

  19. ^

    Super Mario RPG: Legend of the 7 Stars Strategy Guide.

  20. ^

    Intelligent Systems.
    Paper Mario.

  21. ^

    Intelligent Systems.
    Super Paper Mario.

  22. ^



    “A New Mushroom Kingdom: 25 years of Super Mario 64”.

  23. ^

    “Original Japanese transmission of
    Super Mario Bros. iii
    (PDF). Nintendo Co., Ltd. Retrieved
    December 23,

  24. ^

    Super Mario Bros. 3
    folio on Nintendo UK’southward site”. Nintendo UK. Retrieved
    December 23,

  25. ^

    Bowser, King of the Koopas, and his evil offspring have invaded yet another kingdom. The Koopalings have seized the Kingdom’south precious crystals. Information technology’s up to you, armed with your trusty Nintendo Scope, to ride Yoshi to the rescue!“, dorsum of the box of the N American and PAL versions of
    Yoshi’s Safari.

  26. ^

    “Mario’s Creators Answer Burning Questions About The Series”. Game Informer. Archived from the original on Jan 23, 2013. Retrieved
    December 24,

  27. ^

    Velasco, Ryan (July 5, 2019). “King Bowser Koopa I of the Koopa Kingdom, Origin — Character Design”.

  28. ^

    am, Rus McLaughlinUpdated: 18 Sep 2015 1:15 amPosted: xiv Sep 2010 12:00 (September fourteen, 2010). “IGN Presents: The History of Super Mario Bros. – IGN” – via

  29. ^

    “Random: Nintendo’due south Doug Bowser Introduces His Parents To Mario Kart 8 On Switch”.
    Nintendo Life. May 16, 2021.

  30. ^

    “Ranking Every Mario Party Character From Shit To Lit”.
    Kotaku Australia. September 22, 2021.

  31. ^

    “Dry Bowser Confirmed To Be Joining Mario Tennis Aces In July”.
    Nintendo Life. May xxx, 2019.

  32. ^

    Newell, Jim (June 29, 2021). “The New Mario Golf Game, Co-ordinate to an Bodily Golfer”.
    Slate Magazine.

  33. ^

    “GameSpy: Super Mario Strikers – Page 1”.

  34. ^

    “10 Mario Games The Movie Could Adapt”.
    ScreenRant. October 3, 2021.

  35. ^

    “Mario’southward Time Machine – Review – allgame”. November 14, 2014. Archived from the original on Nov 14, 2014.

  36. ^

    Hotel Mario teaching volume. Philips Interactive Media. 1994. pp. ii–16. PP0260 GA.

  37. ^

    “10 First-Party Nintendo Games Anybody Forgot About”.
    Game Bluster. August 10, 2021.

  38. ^

    Goodmurphy, Chad (December 5, 2011). “Invest In Fortune Street Today”.

  39. ^

    ‘Puzzle & Dragons Z + Super Mario Bros. Edition’ struggles to make free-to-play games worth a college price of admission – The Washington Post”.
    The Washington Mail service.

  40. ^

    “IGN: Super Mario RPG: Legend of the Vii Stars [Virtual Panel] Review”. September 3, 2008. Archived from the original on September 3, 2008.

  41. ^

    “Mario + Rabbids Kingdom Boxing Coming to Nintendo Switch on August 29 – E3 2017 – UbiBlog – Ubisoft®”. July x, 2017. Archived from the original on July ten, 2017.

  42. ^

    “Mario + Rabbids Sparks of Hope leaked ahead of main reveal”.
    iMore. June 12, 2021.

  43. ^

    Dark-green, Jake (January 17, 2020). “Super Smash Bros Ultimate Character – Every Fighter in Blast Bros Ultimate”.

  44. ^

    “x Bizarre Nintendo Spin-Offs Y’all’ve Probably Never Heard Of”.
    TheGamer. Oct 2, 2020.

  45. ^

    “Skylanders® SuperChargers Introduces Donkey Kong™ and Bowser™ as Skylanders Guest Stars”. June 16, 2015.

  46. ^

    McWhertor, Michael (July 28, 2021). “Nintendo gives Dr. Mario mobile game just iii months to live”.

  47. ^

    Murray, Noel (December 12, 2008). “Random Roles: Dennis Hopper”.
    The A.V. Club. The Onion. Archived from the original on October 16, 2013. Retrieved
    April sixteen,

  48. ^

    “Super Mario Bros. The Movie Archive”. March 30, 2009. Retrieved
    August 10,

  49. ^

    “Wreck-It Ralph Footage From D23 Features eight-Fleck Action, Plenty Of Cameos”. August 21, 2011. Archived from the original on December 29, 2012. Retrieved
    September 5,

  50. ^

    Hillard, Kyle (February 11, 2013). “Wreck-It Ralph’s Director Answers Our Questions”.
    Game Informer
    . Retrieved
    February 11,

  51. ^

    Irish potato, J. Kim (September 23, 2021). “Nintendo Directly: Chris Pratt Will Voice Mario in the Super Mario Bros. Movie”.
    IGN. Ziff Davis. Archived from the original on September 23, 2021. Retrieved
    September 24,

  52. ^

    beginning, Jake Jake has been here since the; Reviews, With Hundreds of; days, countless other guff to his name These; Consistent, Not and then. “Nintendo Hazard Books: probably not due a revival”.

  53. ^

    “Super Luigi Bros – Mario vs. Wario Comic Issue. ii from Nintendo Power Magazine Vol. 56”.

  54. ^

    Staff, Ars (December 24, 2018). “Drawn together: The honey affair between comics and games”.
    Ars Technica.

  55. ^

    “The Top 100 Videogame Villains: About Memorable Villains”. IGN. March 7, 2006. Archived from the original on May 23, 2010. Retrieved
    October 8,

  56. ^

    Sterbakov, Hugh (March v, 2008). “The 47 Almost Diabolical Video-Game Villains of All Fourth dimension”. GamePro. Archived from the original on October ane, 2008. Retrieved
    February 21,

  57. ^

    Staff; designed by James Cheung (Jan 21, 2000). “TenSpot: Elevation Ten Video Game Villains”. GameSpot. Archived from the original on March 29, 2007. Retrieved
    Dec 31,

  58. ^

    “Top 10 Nintendo Characters That Deserve Their Own Games – Folio 10”. GameDaily. Retrieved
    August 7,

  59. ^

    “Top x Smash Bros. Characters – Page 5”. GameDaily. Retrieved
    August 7,

  60. ^

    “Most Persistent Video Game Villains”. GameDaily. Retrieved
    June 13,

  61. ^

    “Top Ten Douchebags of Gaming”.
    ScrewAttack’s Top ten. GameTrailers. Retrieved
    June 13,

  62. ^

    Harris, Craig (June iv, 2004). “Classic NES Serial: Super Mario Bros”. IGN. Retrieved
    Dec 22,

  63. ^

    Dyer, James; McComb, David; Plumb, Alastair; Scarborough, David (May 26, 2010). “The 50 Greatest Video Game Characters – 23. Bowser”.
    . Retrieved
    August ii,

  64. ^

    Guinness World Records 2013 Gamer’s Edition. p. 193.

  65. ^

    Jesse Schedeen (March 9, 2010). “Large Boss of the Day: Bowser”. IGN.

  66. ^

    Robertson, Margaret (November 5, 2007). “Super Mario Milky way Review”. EuroGamer. Retrieved
    January 26,

  67. ^

    Sell, Chris (November 8, 2007). “Super Mario Galaxy Review”.
    PALGN. Archived from the original on July 4, 2010. Retrieved
    January 26,

  68. ^

    Kaluszka, Aaron (November 12, 2007). “Super Mario Milky way Review”. Nintendo Globe Report. Retrieved
    January 26,

  69. ^

    Shea, Cam (November 12, 2007). “Super Mario Galaxy AU Review: The Greatest Platformer of all time? And How.” IGN AU. Archived from the original on January 22, 2009. Retrieved
    January 26,

  70. ^

    Casamassina, Matt (November 7, 2007). “Super Mario Galaxy Review: The greatest Nintendo platformer ever made?”. IGN. Archived from the original on May ix, 2012. Retrieved
    January 26,

  71. ^

    Timmons, Travis (November xix, 2007). “Super Mario Galaxy (Wii) Review”. gamePositive. Retrieved
    January 26,

  72. ^

    Donlan, Christian (September 18, 2009). “Mario & Luigi: Bowser’s Inside Story Review”. EuroGamer. Retrieved
    Jan 26,

  73. ^

    Sterling, Jim (September 21, 2009). “Review: Mario & Luigi: Bowser’southward Inside Story”. Destructoid. Retrieved
    January 26,

  74. ^

    Cunningham, Michael (September 21, 2009). “Mario & Luigi: Bowser’s Within Story – Staff Review”. RPG Gamer. Archived from the original on November 22, 2009. Retrieved
    January 26,

  75. ^

    Hernandez, Pedro (September 26, 2009). “Mario & Luigi: Bowser’s Inside Story: Review (North American)”. Nintendo World Report. Retrieved
    January 26,

  76. ^

    Castle, Matthew (October 7, 2009). “Mario & Luigi: Bowser’s Inside Story Review”. CVG. Retrieved
    Jan 26,

  77. ^

    Middlemas, Drew (October 7, 2009). “Review: Mario & Luigi: Bowser’s Inside Story”. GameStyle. Retrieved
    Jan 26,

  78. ^

    Lopes, João (November 12, 2009). “Review: Mario & Luigi: Bowser’s Inside Story”. N-Europe. Archived from the original on December 31, 2009. Retrieved
    January 26,

  79. ^

    Green, Matthew (September 24, 2009). “Review: Mario & Luigi: Bowser’due south Within Story”. Kombo. Retrieved
    January 26,

    permanent dead link

  80. ^

    Kohler, Chris (October sixteen, 2009). “Review: Mario & Luigi: Bowser’southward Inside Story Is the Un-RPG”.
    . Retrieved
    January 26,

  81. ^

    Shoemaker, Brad (Oct 16, 2009). “Mario & Luigi: Bowser’s Inside Story”. GiantBomb. Retrieved
    January 26,

  82. ^

    Harris, Craig (September 10, 2009). “Mario & Luigi: Bowser’south Within Story Review”. IGN. Retrieved
    January 26,

  83. ^

    Parish, Jeremy (September 15, 2009). “Mario & Luigi: Bowser’s Inside Story Review”. 1up. Archived from the original on June 29, 2011. Retrieved
    Jan 26,

  84. ^

    Ashby, Alicia (September 15, 2009). “Mario & Luigi: Bowser’southward Within Story Review”. GamePro. Archived from the original on December 2, 2011. Retrieved
    Jan 26,

  85. ^

    Theobald, Phil (September xi, 2009). “Mario & Luigi: Bowser’s Inside Story Review”. GameSpy. Retrieved
    Jan 26,

  86. ^

    Gilbert, Henry (September 11, 2009). “Mario & Luigi: Bowser’southward Inside Story Review”. GamesRadar. Retrieved
    January 26,

  87. ^

    Yin-Poole, Wesley (September 19, 2020). “So long, “gay Bowser” – fans complaining the loss of Mario 64’s most famous line in Super Mario 3D All-Stars”.

  88. ^

    “Super Mario 64’due south Weird ‘Gay Bowser’ Line Isn’t In Super Mario 3D All-Stars”.
    Kotaku. September xviii, 2020.

  89. ^

    Hernandez, Patricia (September eighteen, 2020). “Internet pours one out for Super Mario 64’south ‘Gay Bowser,’ who is expressionless now”.

  90. ^

    “Big Bowser Penis Has Been Removed From Patreon”.
    Kotaku Australia. April xiii, 2021.

  91. ^

    “Patreon pulls detailed rendering of Boswer’s penis over possible Nintendo complaints”.
    The Daily Dot. April 12, 2021.

  92. ^

    Kent, Emma (September 24, 2018). “Nintendo fans are splicing Bowser with Peach and now Bowsette is trending”.
    . Retrieved
    December 12,

  93. ^

    Kopf, Corinne Purtill, Dan. “The wildest cyberspace phenomenon of 2018 was Bowsette”.

  94. ^

    Machkovech, Sam (September 28, 2018). “Nintendo reveals it invented “Bowsette” before the Internet did”.
    Ars Technica
    . Retrieved
    Dec 12,

  95. ^

    “Random: ‘Bowser Day 2021’ Trends Online As Fans Gloat Nintendo’s Iconic Villain”.
    Nintendo Life. August v, 2021.

  96. ^

    Burke, Elaine (July 3, 2015). “Existent-life Bowser ‘dinosaur turtle’ found in Russian river (video)”.
    Silicon Republic.



  • Nintendo (1991).
    Super Mario World
    instruction transmission

    (PDF). Nintendo EAD. pp. two–27.

  • Nintendo (2007).
    Super Mario Milky way
    teaching transmission

    . Nintendo. pp. 3–22.

External links


  • Quotations related to Bowser at Wikiquote
  • Bowser at Giant Bomb
  • Bowser on Play Nintendo